Open bite

Open bite is a malocclusion in which the upper and lower teeth do not meet when the mouth is closed, even though the jaws are fully clenched. Open bite most often affects the front teeth, but can also occur with the side teeth.

Orthodontic Treatment Stomo Clinic Open Bite
Orthodontic Treatment Stomo Clinic Open Bite

An open bite can result from many causes, such as:

  1. Genetics: Open bite can be hereditary and run in families.
  2. Habits: Certain habits, such as thumb sucking, using a pacifier after the age of 3, or excessive tongue sucking, can lead to open bite.
  3. Jaw structure abnormalities: Defects in jaw development, such as excessive facial length or a palate that is too low, can lead to an open bite.
  4. Nasal breathing problems: Long-term nasal breathing problems, such as tonsillar hypertrophy or chronic sinusitis, can lead to open bite.

Problems resulting from open bite can include:

  1. Difficulty with eating: People with an open bite may have difficulty biting and chewing food because their teeth do not come together properly.
  2. Speech problems: Open bite can make it difficult to pronounce certain sounds correctly, leading to articulation problems.
  3. Increased risk of tooth decay: Because of the difficulty in biting and chewing thoroughly, people with an open bite may have an increased risk of tooth decay.
  4. Aesthetic problems: an open bite can affect the appearance of the smile, which can affect self-confidence and self-esteem.