What are the types of malocclusion?

what are the types of malocclusion

Malocclusion is not only an aesthetic issue, but also a health issue. They can appear already in young children, and as soon as they are noticed, it is necessary to take the appropriate steps as soon as possible. So let's find out what malocclusions are in children and adults, and what can be done to effectively treat them. We warmly encourage you to read and learn more about them.

Types of malocclusion in children and adults

Malocclusion in children and adults represents abnormalities in tooth structure and function, as well as problems related to the dental arches. Thus, a distinction is made between:

  • Vertical malocclusion - when the jaw has an abnormal position relative to the mandible,
  • Horizontal malocclusion - when lower teeth and upper teeth do not contact each other or overlap,
  • Transverse malocclusion - when teeth from the arches overlap in an abnormal manner, as in a crossbite.

Thus, the most common malocclusions in children are:

  • crowding, when there is too little space in the mouth for the teeth,
  • Diastema, or gaps between teeth,
  • Retention of teeth when no eruption occurs.

In any of these situations, it is important to act as quickly as possible to ensure high treatment efficiency, as well as to reduce the cost of treatment.

What are the causes of malocclusion in children?

We already know what types of malocclusion can occur in the youngest children. However, where do they come from? There can be many causes, and one of them is congenital defects. More often, however, acquired defects are responsible for the problems. Examples include improper breastfeeding, thumb sucking, using an improperly constructed pacifier, and biting on objects. Even such mundane behavior can result in malocclusion, so it should never be ignored.

Most common malocclusion in adults

Also adults (from 40 to as much as 60 percent of the total population) face malocclusion, which of course can be properly treated. But which are the most common?

One of them is the so-called backbite. In its case, the teeth of the upper and lower arches do not come into contact with each other, due to an offset. Such displacement also occurs in anterior overbite, which is also among the most common defects diagnosed in orthodontic offices.

Crowding is also common, when teeth do not fit in the mouth. Such a defect, however, is qualified for overlay treatment, where the comfort of treatment is very high, while the results can be expected in a relatively short time.

The opposite of crowding of teeth is stomata. It results from excessive space in the dental arch compared to the size of the teeth. Such spaces are not only unsightly, but also result in shifting teeth.

Find out what orthodontic treatment with overlays consists of and the main advantages of this method of treatment.

What are the consequences of not treating malocclusion?

Untreated malocclusion can have serious consequences. One of the most common is tooth decay, which can increase the risk of systemic diseases, such as even cardiovascular disease. They also promote gum problems and, after many years, even result in tooth loss. Many patients with untreated malocclusion additionally face migraines, which can hinder daily functioning. So, wanting to avoid them, it is absolutely necessary to consult an orthodontist.
Types of malocclusion are, as you can see, different. However, they should never be ignored, because the longer you wait, the more the defect worsens, affecting other body systems as well. Therefore, it is best to make an appointment for an orthodontic consultation, during which the problem will be diagnosed and an appropriate method of treatment will be recommended, also tailored to the patient's financial capabilities.